Building cooling technologies comprise of two logical strategies, namely passive and active. Passive cooling system maximize nature’s ability to heat and cool the building feature without the utilization of mechanical apparatus that consume power such as furnaces or air conditioners.Passive technology includes constructing homes with white or light colour roofs that reflect the sun’s energy instead of absorbing it and use windows that can keep the heat out and cool air in. Active designs use a variety of mechanical heating and cooling systems such as furnaces or air conditioners that consume power.Passive cooling is a building design approach that focuses on heat gain control and heat dissipation in a building in order to improve the indoor thermal comfort with low or no energy consumption.Air conditioning is the process of removing heat and moisture from the interior of an occupied space to improve the comfort of occupants.Heating, ventilating and air-conditioning (HVAC) systems play a vital part in ensuring the required comfort levels of residents inside building environments. However, most modern cooling equipment’s consume high levels of electrical power, thus create high energy consumption rates in buildings. Hence the course is designed to overcall all the lacunas of the old technologies with the recent trends in building cooling technologies.
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